Best Pod Coffee Maker in USA

The best Pod Coffee Maker was reviewed online. To see the products, click here. I ranked them by their popularity. There is a list of what you should know. The most successful ones were chosen.

 


It has taken hours to research the most relevant Pod Coffee Maker After reading all the resources, here are some of our top-rated products that you can learn more about, as well as where they are headed with their newest products in modern times. The models that we found were the most reliable.

Table of Contents

Best Pod Coffee Maker

Keurig K- Slim Single Serve K-Cup Pod Coffee Maker, Multistream Technology, Black

$129.99
$97.00
 in stock
63 new from $88.00
11 used from $63.74
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • MULTISTREAM TECHNOLOGY: Extracts more flavor and aroma* in every brew
  • FITS ANYWHERE: Less than 5” wide, fits neatly on your countertop
  • MULTIPLE CUP WATER RESERVOIR: Removable 46 oz. reservoir lets you brew up to *4 cups before refilling
  • 3 CUP SIZES: brew an 8, 10, or 12 oz. cup at the push of a button
  • FAST & FRESH BREWED: Delicious coffee made in minutes

Keurig K-Elite Coffee Maker, Single Serve K-Cup Pod Coffee Brewer, With Iced Coffee Capability, Brushed Slate

$189.99
$149.99
 in stock
29 new from $149.00
10 used from $107.25
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • WHAT'S IN THE BOX: 1 water filter handle, and 1 filter to help ensure your beverages taste their absolute best
  • BREWS MULTIPLE CUP SIZES: 4, 6, 8, 10, 12oz, enjoy the most popular cup sizes
  • STRONG BREW BUTTON: Increases the strength and bold taste of your coffee’s flavor
  • ICED SETTING: Brew hot over ice at the touch of a button for full-flavored, delicious iced coffee
  • HOT WATER ON DEMAND BUTTON: Perfect for instant soups or oatmeal. Temperature: Adjust the brew temperature between 187° and 192°

Keurig K-Mini Coffee Maker, Single Serve K-Cup Pod Coffee Brewer, 6 to 12 oz. Brew Sizes, Black

$99.99
$79.55
 out of stock
30 new from $74.99
1 used from $98.00
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • FITS ANYWHERE: Less than 5 inches wide, perfect for small spaces
  • YOUR PERFECT AMOUNT: Brew any cup size between 6-12oz with Keurig K-Cup pods
  • ONE CUP RESERVOIR: Just add fresh water for each brew
  • FAST & FRESH BREWED: Coffee made in minutes
  • CORD STORAGE: For easy transport and tidy countertops

Cuisinart DCC-3000FR 12 Cup Coffee on Demand Programmable Coffee Maker (Renewed),Chrome

$72.99  in stock
2 new from $72.99
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • Dispenses one cup at a time with an easy-to-use actuator
  • Dispenser light comes on when you press the lever to fill your cup
  • Double-wall coffee reservoir holds twelve 5 oz. cups of coffee
  • Fully programmable with 24-hour advance brew start, programmable auto shutoff, self clean, and 1-4 cup setting
  • Easy-to-read Coffee Gauge lets you know how many cups of coffee are left. Please read the User Manual before use. Product videos can be found under the images. Please note: Paper filters are included but the Gold Tone Filter is not included in a Refurbished unit

Ninja CFP201 DualBrew System 12-Cup Coffee Maker, Single-Serve for Grounds & K-Cup Pod Compatible, 3 Brew Styles, 60-oz. Water Reservoir & Carafe, Black

$199.99
$167.63
 in stock
14 new from $167.63
2 used from $123.95
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • FASTER BREWING: Brew coffee pods faster than the leading K-Cup coffee maker upon startup.
  • DUAL COFFEE MAKER: Grounds and pods coffee system with 9 grounds brew sizes (Small Cup, Cup, XL Cup, Travel Mug, XL Travel Mug, ¼ Carafe, ½ Carafe, ¾ Carafe, or Full Carafe) in addition to 4 traditional pod brew sizes (6, 8, 10, or 12 oz.).
  • 3 BREW STYLES: Select Classic, Rich, or Over Ice for your grounds or coffee pods.
  • MAKE ICED COFFEE: Brew fresh over ice for flavorful iced coffee that's never watered down.
  • KEEP WARM FUNCTION: Adjustable warming plate keeps coffee warm for up to 4 hours.

Proctor-Silex Single-Serve Coffee Maker Compatible with Pod Packs and Grounds, 40 oz. Reservoir Makes Four 10 oz. Cups Without Refilling, Black & Stainless Steel (49919)

$44.99  in stock
3 new from $44.99
1 used from $41.39
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • WATER RESERVOIR HOLDS 40 OZ.: The water reservoir on this single-serve coffee maker holds 40 oz. of water — enough to make four 10 oz brews without refilling. Easily brew each piping hot cup of coffee in minutes.
  • 2 WAYS TO BREW: Whether you prefer to brew with your favorite coffee grounds or are a steadfast pod user, you can use either. This single-serve brewer is compatible with K-Cup* and other pod brands and includes a removable brew basket for ground coffee.
  • DURABLE & BUILT TO LAST: The single-cup coffee maker is designed with durable materials to serve cup after cup of coffee. It has a stainless accent and splash plate.
  • SIMPLE ONE-BUTTON OPERATION: The brew button on the Proctor Silex coffee maker illuminates as coffee brews, and when the brew cycle is complete, the brew light and coffee maker shut off automatically for peace of mind.
  • FITS A VARIETY OF CUPS AND TRAVEL MUGS: With the adjustable cup rest, you can brew into different size cups and travel mugs that hold 10 oz. or more. The stand reduces splashing when brewing into shorter cups but still accommodates taller travel mugs.

Cuisinart SS-10P1 Premium 72-Ounce Single-Serve Coffeemaker, Programmable Brewer with Hot Water Dispenser, Features Brew Chamber Rinse and Auto Shut Off Functions, Stainless Steel

$149.95  in stock
9 new from $149.95
4 used from $66.80
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • SINGLE CUP K-POD COMPATIBLE: Make one cup of coffee at a time with our Cuisinart Premium Single-serve Coffee Brewer compatible with any brand of single cup k-pods including Keurig K-Cup pods
  • ENJOY MULTIPLE BEVERAGE SIZES: Our hot water button allows you to create your ideal size of coffee, hot cocoa, tea, or soup with cup-size settings ranging from 4-12 ounces – this machine includes HomeBarista Reusable Filter Cup for either ground coffee or tea
  • FULLY PROGRAMMABLE BACKLIT LCD DISPLAY SETTINGS: Designed with superior functionality in mind boasting features such as an auto on/off switch, adjustable temperature control settings, and auto-rinse to instantly clean inside your brew chamber
  • SIMPLIFY YOUR MORNING: Removable 72-ounce water reservoir and removable drip tray for travel mug compatibility
  • DURABLE FILTERS: Reusable coffee filter included and built-in charcoal water filter

Keurig K-Classic Coffee Maker K-Cup Pod, Single Serve, Programmable, 6 to 10 oz. Brew Sizes, Black

$149.99
$139.99
 in stock
8 new from $138.99
1 used from $218.00
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • Brews multiple k-cup pod sizes: (6, 8, 10 ounce) – the most popular k-cup pod brew sizes. Use the 6 ounce brew size to achieve the strongest brew.
  • Large 48 ounce water reservoir: Allows you to brew 6 plus cups before having to refill, saving you time and simplifying your morning routine. The water reservoir is removable, making it easy to refill whenever you need to.
  • Descaling: An important part of cleaning your keurig brewer. This process helps to remove calcium deposits, or scale, that can build up inside a coffee maker over time.
  • Auto-off: An auto-off feature is easily programmed to turn off your coffee maker after it has been idle for 2 hours, helping to save energy.
  • Simple button controls: Just insert a pod, select your desired cup brew size, and brew a great-tasting cup in under a minute.

Mecity Coffee Maker 3-in-1 Single Serve Coffee Machine, K-Cup Coffee Capsule Pod , Ground Coffee, Leaf Tea maker, 6 to 10 Ounce Cup, Removable 50 Oz Water Reservoir, 120V 1150W

$79.99  in stock
4 used from $74.49
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • The Coffee Maker is Effortlessly Simple to Use - just add fresh water to the removable reservoir, pop in your favorite K-Cup pod, press the brew button, and enjoy fresh-brewed, delicious coffee in minutes
  • Also Good at Brewing Leaf Teas - There are 3 filters in the coffee machine, when you want to have a cup of tea, you do not have to boil a kettle of water, just add leaf tea and wait a moment, then you can enjoy the sipping
  • Enjoy precise & quick brewing - This single serve coffee maker has a smart flow management system to realize the precise brewing, brew an 6, 8, or 10 oz. cup at the push of a button, and just wait for 60 to 100 seconds.
  • Fit anywhere on the countertop - the coffee machine is 6.3 inch in width and 10.6 inch in height, you can always find its space in your kitchen and portable for travel. The reservoir has a capacity of 50 fl Oz., capable of brewing 8 cups of drinks. Maximum fit cup size is 3.7" in width and 6.3" in height.
  • Easy to Clean - BPA-FREE material for water tank and piercing needle. Detachable filter basket and drip tray can be removed and washed directly. A easy clean method by pressing button after adding in water and vinegar.

Keurig K-Express Coffee Maker, Single Serve K-Cup Pod Coffee Brewer, Black

$79.99  in stock
14 new from $78.97
6 used from $59.99
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • STRONG BREW: Increases the strength and bold taste of your coffee’s flavor.
  • 3 CUP SIZES: Brew an 8, 10, or 12 oz. cup at the push of a button.
  • MULTIPLE CUP WATER RESERVOIR: 42oz. removable reservoir lets you brew up to 4 cups before refilling. 8 oz. cup size
  • FAST & FRESH BREWED: Delicious coffee made in minutes.
  • TRAVEL MUG FRIENDLY: Removable drip tray accommodates travel mugs up to 7.4” tall.

Instant Pot Dual Pod Plus 3-in-1, Espresso, K-Cup Pod and Ground Coffee Maker, Nespresso Capsules and K-Cup Pods with Reusable Coffee Pod for Ground Coffee, 2 to 12oz. Brew Sizes, 68oz Reservoir

$229.99
$159.95
 in stock
5 new from $159.95
9 used from $119.96
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • 3-IN-1 FUNCTIONALITY: Compatible with K-Cup pods, Nespresso capsules and your own ground coffee with the included reusable pod
  • TAILOR EVERY POUR: Adjustable brew strength so you can make a bolder cup of coffee.
  • CAFÉ-QUALITY BEVERAGES: Perfect for coffee and espresso, brewing at the optimum temperature (195F) and pressure (19-bar pump for espresso)
  • SUSTAINABLE COFFEE-MAKING: Brew coffee from your own grounds with included reusable pod.
  • MULTIPLE BREWING SIZES: 8, 10, and 12 oz K-cup; 2, 4, and 6 oz Nespresso

Hamilton Beach 49974 FlexBrew Single-Serve Coffee Maker Compatible with Pod Packs and Grounds, Black

$64.99  in stock
4 new from $64.99
7 used from $43.20
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • Single-serve coffee maker with or without K-Cup pods. Brew up to 10 ounce. With a K-Cup, pod, or up to a 14 ounce. Travel mug with grounds. Pod holder and grounds basket are included.
  • Just lower lid and brew: Whether it’s a single-serve pod or your own fresh grounds, just place them in the holder, lower the lid and press brew. The coffee maker automatically shuts off when brewing is complete.
  • Personal coffee maker: The flex brew single-serve coffee maker is the perfect gift for college students, small kitchens, the office or anyone who prefers to have a fresh cup of coffee each time they brew.
  • Fits a variety of mugs: Use the adjustable cup rest to not only fit your favorite mug in just right, but to also store the single-serve pod holder or the brew basket. Coffee Filter Type: Capsule
  • Easy to clean: The pod-piercing needle removes for easy cleaning to prevent clogging that can sometimes occur with frequent use.

Instant Pot Solo 2-in-1 Single Serve Coffee Maker for Ground Coffee, K-Cup Pod Compatible Coffee Brewer, Includes Reusable Coffee Pod, 8 to 12oz. Brew Sizes, 40oz. Water Reservoir, Black

$119.99
$79.95
 in stock
3 new from $79.95
8 used from $59.96
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • 2-IN-1 FUNCTIONALITY: Compatible with K-Cup pods, or your own ground coffee with the included reusable pod.
  • DESIGNED FOR COFFEE GROUNDS: Our coffee maker's specially designed reusable pod activates a unique brewing process which extracts more flavor, aroma and body allowing you to get the most flavorful cup of coffee.
  • PRE-INFUSE CYCLE: Gently soaks grounds in a K-Cup or the reusable pod before brewing to produce a more flavorful cup of coffee
  • TAILOR EVERY POUR: Adjustable brew strength so you can make a bolder cup of coffee
  • FASTER BREWING: Brews a single serve of coffee in just 90 seconds!

Keurig K155 Office Pro Commercial Coffee Maker, Single Serve K-Cup Pod Coffee Brewer, Silver, Extra Large 90 Oz. Water Reservoir

$294.95  in stock
6 new from $294.95
17 used from $198.65
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • Styled to impress, this Keurig coffee maker offers the features that everyone will value
  • Touch screen interface: An advanced full color touchscreen interface with adjustable brew temperature and programmable auto on/off settings
  • Pour over water reservoir: With a 90 ounce, easy to fill, removable water reservoir, you can make upto 18 cups before refilling; Full color lcd touchscreen
  • 4 brew sizes: Choose from 4 different brew sizes : 4 ounce, 6 ounce, 8 ounce or 10 ounce from strong to milder brewed beverages; because tastes differ
  • Drain and store: Only Keurig commercial coffee makers offer the option to easily drain and remove water from the internal hot water tank for transport and storage

Keurig K-Duo Plus Coffee Maker, Single Serve and 12-Cup Carafe Drip Coffee Brewer, Compatible with K-Cup Pods and Ground Coffee, Black

$229.99
$197.89
 in stock
14 new from $185.00
3 used from $134.58
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • What’s in the box: 12 cup thermal carafe and mesh reusable ground coffee filter included with your brewer
  • Brew a cup and a carafe: Use both ground coffee and k cup pods
  • Strong brew: Brew a stronger, more intense single cup and carafe
  • Multiple brew sizes: Brew a 6, 8, 10, or 12 cup carafe and a 6, 8, 10, or 12 ounce cup
  • Multi position 60 ounce; Water reservoir: Can be positioned to the right, left, or along the back of the brewer to optimize counter space

Keurig K-Duo Coffee Maker, Single Serve and 12-Cup Carafe Drip Coffee Brewer, Compatible with K-Cup Pods and Ground Coffee, Black

$189.99
$169.49
 in stock
16 new from $169.49
5 used from $94.90
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • What’s in the box: 12-cup glass carafe included with your brewer along with a heating plate to keep coffee hot.
  • Brew a cup and a carafe: Use both ground coffee and k-cup pods. Height with handle open-17.63 H inch. Height with drip cover open-18 H inch
  • Multiple brew sizes: Brew a 6, 8, 10, or 12-cup carafe and a 6, 8, 10, or 12 ounce cup.
  • Compatible with keurig gold tone mesh filter accessory: A reusable coffee filter you can use to brew your perfect carafe (sold separately).
  • Large 60 ounce water reservoir: The 60 ounce water reservoir is shared between the single serve and carafe brewing, saving you time and simplifying your morning routine. Removable reservoir makes refilling easy.

Betty Crocker BC-3800CB Single-Serve Pod Coffee Maker, One Size, Black

$39.99
$36.31
 in stock
4 new from $33.97
3 used from $32.61
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • POD & K-CUP COFFEE MAKER — Perfect for personal cups of coffee, tea & hot chocolate, this Betty Crocker coffee machine accepts K-cup style pods that provide an assortment of quick and easy flavors.
  • REMOVABLE COFFEE GROUND FILTER — The included removable filter accepts coffee grounds for regular coffee without requiring pods. Serve up a cup of coffee in less than a minute.
  • COMPACT DESIGN — Brilliantly designed to be compact and durable, yet extremely effective, this pod coffee maker is much smaller than standard coffee machines. Fits perfectly in tight spaces on countertops, office tables, kitchen islands and more.
  • ONE-TOUCH COFFEE BREW — This Betty Crocker kitchen appliance is simple and easy to use with a one-touch button operation. Simply fill with water, insert your pod of choice or coffee grounds, press the button and enjoy in less than a minute.
  • OVER 100 YEARS OF COOKING — A timeless cultural icon, Betty Crocker is inextricably linked with the notions of helpfulness, trustworthiness, and quality in the mind. Betty Crocker appliances include a 1 year limited warranty.

Hamilton Beach 49976 FlexBrew Trio 2-Way Coffee Maker, Compatible with K-Cup Pods or Grounds, Combo, Single Serve & Full 12c Pot, Black

$119.85
$103.99
 in stock
21 new from $101.99
9 used from $89.95
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • 3-WAYS TO BREW: Brew up to 12 cups with ground coffee on the carafe side or use dual purpose single serving to brew a pod or ground coffee on the other. The included pod holder and single-serve grounds basket easily handle both options
  • SINGLE-CUP COFFEE MAKER: Brew a cup with a K-Cup, pod, another pod brand, or ground coffee. The included pod holder and single-serve grounds basket easily handle both options and the cup rest removes so you can brew into a tall travel mug
  • BREW A FULL POT OF COFFEE: This programmable coffee maker has Easy-Touch programming for wake-up ready coffee. After brewing, coffee stays warm for 2 hours and the power automatically shuts off. Auto Pause & Pour lets you pour a cup as coffee brews
  • CUSTOMIZE YOUR BREW STRENGTH: Control how strong you want your coffee with Select-a-Brew: regular and bold brewing options
  • 2 SEPARATE EASY-FILL WATER RESERVOIRS: Each brewing side on this Hamilton Beach coffee maker has its own water reservoir that’s easy to fill and features a water window, so you always know exactly how much water to add

Keurig K-Cafe Single-Serve K-Cup Coffee Maker, Latte Maker and Cappuccino Maker, Comes with Dishwasher Safe Milk Frother, Coffee Shot Capability, Compatible With all Keurig K-Cup Pods, Dark Charcoal

$189.99
$166.99
 in stock
15 new from $166.00
13 used from $115.99
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • COFFEE, LATTES & CAPPUCCINOS: Use any K-Cup pod to brew coffee, or make delicious lattes and cappuccinos.
  • SIMPLE BUTTON CONTROLS: Just insert any K-Cup pod and use the button controls to brew delicious coffee, or make hot or iced lattes and cappuccinos.
  • LARGE 60oz WATER RESERVOIR: Allows you to brew 6 cups before having to refill, saving you time and simplifying your morning routine. Removable reservoir makes refilling easy.
  • SMART START: Your coffee maker heats, then brews in one simple process. No need to wait for it to heat before selecting your cup size.
  • ENERGY EFFICIENT: Programmable auto off feature automatically turns your brewer off 2 hours after the last brew for energy savings.

Dnsly Single Serve Coffee Maker attached Travel Mug, 2 in 1 Capsule Pod & Ground Coffee, With BPA Free, Strength Controlled from 6oz to 14oz and Self Cleaning Function

 out of stock
Amazon.com
as of August 13, 2022 7:18 am

Features

  • ☕ 2 in 1 Brew Function Coffee Pod Machine: 2 button options on capsule pods and ground coffee you can choose both ways to brewing a delicious coffee.
  • ☕ Brew With Strength Control: 6 oz to 14 oz water reservoir, the single server coffee maker with BPA Free & brew strength control, you can select regular or bold coffee flavor, whatever you like better.
  • ☕ Auto-off & Self-Cleaning: 2 combinations achieving programmable auto off and the automatic cleaning by simply pressing two buttons simultaneously.
  • ☕Simple Button Controls: 3 Mins to get hot coffee, you can insert capsule pods or pour into some ground coffee, then press the corresponding button.
  • ☕ Compact & Space Design: Compact size design can save your counter space. Multiple occasions like Hotel, room, office, kitchen, etc., also provides you with a convenient coffee making environment.


Buying Guide

What do you look for in a good Pod Coffee Maker? Surely we comprehend. It can be difficult to decide which one is right for you. We put together lists that should help you narrow down your choices. You need to have questions on your mind. It’s still important for you to do your own research even though Nola Women has done everything it can. You need to check out any relevant Pod Coffee Maker before buying them.

Is it smart to invest in Best Pod Coffee Maker? Which company has the best Pod Coffee Maker right now?

You must be pondering more questions. If you want to find out what your answers are, you should do your research and talk to someone who knows what you’re talking about. Asking an expert is always a good idea! Buying guides, word-of-mouth, rating websites, testimonials from previous customers, and online forums dedicated to discussing topics related to Best Pod Coffee Maker are some of the potential sources for this type of information.

When making a decision, you should only trust credible and trustworthy sources. Accurate information about the top Pod Coffee Maker is provided in our library. We use innovative technologies to create our guides so that you can be sure of what you get.

The list has been carefully compiled with both big data and Artificial Intelligence. Each category has top 10 lists that we use. There are many more options than just these two at the moment and they will change frequently based on how fast technology improves.

When building our list, we consider a variety of factors, including, but not limited to:

We have proprietary data that identifies what content users want and need.

 In order to make smarter design decisions for their site or app in the future, we need insight into how users interact with each platform we operate on.

In addition to these two factors, we also consider the following:

1- Price

It’s important to compare prices before buying the highest quality Pod Coffee Maker. It is possible for some sellers to charge different amounts for their products because they have different costs associated with them such as taxes and shipping fees that must be factored in; however, Amazon offers great deals with the combo listings, so just browse through other products until you find one that works best.

2- Brand Value

The price shouldn’t be the only consideration when buying a high-ranking Pod Coffee Maker. It is important to check the brand name and see if it is well established or less popular, as this will influence how much they cost compared to other brands of the same quality. Well-known brands for this type of product tend to cost more than lesser-known ones, but there is also an issue of durability and efficiency, all depending on whether they have been around long enough.

3- Features

Before you make a purchase, ask yourself if it’s necessary. If it’s not for everyday use, you can save money by choosing an alternate option. Consider how often an item would be useful in determining a price range. It’s not a good idea to buy products outside our comfort zone just because they look cheaper.

4- Product Reliability

It is important to ask yourself if a big purchase will fulfill your long-term needs before you make it. The products may or may not work for you, depending on their longevity.

5- Pros and Cons of the product

If you are looking for a product that has all the features you need, make sure to read other reviews and ask people who have used the product before. This will help you understand what they think of it.

If any of the following applies to you, this product is for you:

A durable, high-quality item that will last long enough to be used often is what you need. You need it at an affordable price point so that you don’t break your bank account or lose your faith.

6- Product Value

You can use The Most Valued Pod Coffee Maker to evaluate and compare the value of each product.

7- Service

It’s important to be aware of the quality before buying. It is important to consider how long your purchase will last as this will affect whether it was worth it in the first place.

8- Specifications

Getting to know the specifications of a product can give you an idea of how powerful it is.

9- Warranty

You don’t want to get a warranty on your product. How did it come? I am not sure what you would do if something happened with them. You can check if the seller offers returns on incorrect orders and faulty products delivered to your house. This ensures that no matter how buyer beware you may feel, there is always a safety net in place waiting for you.

10- Customer Reviews

It may be the last thing on your mind if you are about to make a large purchase. This is a necessary step for us to know what we are getting into and how well they will fulfill their promises. They are up to our expectations.